After a period of exile in Canada, with his second wife, Varina Howell and children, the impoverished former president finally accepted a post with an insurance company.

Contentious and unapologetic, Davis sent years compiling his version of events from his personal view of the war.

In “The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government” a tendentious, self-exculpatory work of little historical value, published in New York in 1881, he re-fought the war, castigating officers like Beauregard and Johnson for the Confederacy’s defeat.

On Christmas Day, 1868, President Andrew Johnson issued a proclamation of general amnesty for all Confederate leaders. Never seeking the restoration of his citizenship, Davis lived out his remaining years at Beauvoir, his plantation near Biloxi, Mississippi, where he died in 1889.

It was finally restored by President Jimmy Carter